LEVELS OF HEAVY METALS IN SEVERAL RIVERS OF THE WESTERN BUG AND DNIESTER BASINS IN THE LVIV REGION (WESTERN UKRAINE)
Lviv region, one of the most urbanized and industrialized regions of Western Ukraine, faces environmental problems, including pollution of surface waters. The study was aimed to investigate the levels of heavy metals (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) in the waters of three tributaries of the Western Bug River (Poltva, Rata and Kamyanka), as well as in the Dniester River and its two tributaries (the Zubra and Vivnya rivers) within the Lviv region. The results show that the degree of contamination of the Western Bug tributaries with heavy metals is considerably higher at the mouths of the rivers compared to river sources. In particular, metal concentrations at the mouth of the Rata River were 1.23–3.98 times higher than at its source, while water samples at the mouth of the Kamianka River were characterized by higher levels of Fe, Mn, Zn and Cd (2, 12–6.55 times) compared with the source of the river. Concentrations of several heavy metals, especially Fe, exceeded the maximum allowable levels in the waters of the analyzed rivers. Results of the study suggest a significant anthropogenic load in the catchment areas of the analyzed rivers within the Lviv region.
Antonyak, H. L., Bahday, T. V., Pershyn, O. I., Bubys, O. E., Panas, N. E., Oleksiuk, N. P. (2015). Metals in aquatic ecosystems and their impact on the hydrobionts. Animal Biology, 17 (2), 9–24. [In Ukrainian].
Bharatraj, D. K., Yathapu, S. R. (2018). Nutrition-pollution interaction: An emerging research area. The Indian Journal of Medical Research, 148(6), 697–704. DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1733_18. [in English].
Bojarczuk, A., Jelonkiewicz, Ł., Lenart-Boroń, A. (2018). The effect of anthropogenic and natural factors on the prevalence of physicochemical parameters of water and bacterial water quality indicators along the river Białka, southern Poland. Environmental science and pollution research international, 25(10), 10102–10114. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-018-1212-2. [in English].
Burgess, R. M., Terletskaya, A. V., Milyukin, M. V., Povolotskii, M., Demchenko, V. Y., Bogoslavskaya, T. A., et al. (2009). Concentration and distribution of hydrophobic organic contaminants and metals in the estuaries of Ukraine. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 58(8), 1103–1115. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.04.013. [in English].
Glińska-Lewczuk, K., Gołaś, I, Koc, J., Gotkowska-Płachta, A., Harnisz, M., Rochwerger, A. (2016). The impact of urban areas on the water quality gradient along a lowland river. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 188 (11), 624. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-016-5638-z. [in English].
Hoivanovych, N. K., Antonyak, H. L., Kossak, H. M. (2018). Monitoring of quality indicators for well waters of Stryi district. Scientific reports of NULES of Ukraine, 5(75). DOI: 10.31548/dopovidi2018.05.001. [In Ukrainian].
Khilchevskyi, V. K., Zabokrytska, M. R., Sherstyuk, N. P. (2018). Hydrography and hydrochemistry of the transboundary river Western Bug on the territory of Ukraine. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 27(2), 232–243. DOI:10.15421/111848. [in English].
Klymenko, M. O., Voznyuk, N. M., Verbetska, K. Yu. (2012). Comparative analysis of surface water quality standards. Scientific Reports of NULES of Ukraine, 1(30). [In Ukrainian].
Kofanov, V. I., Ognyanik, M. S. (2008). Regulatory and methodological support for determining the quality of water when evaluating the environmental impact. Environmental Ecology and Safety of Life, 4, 15–23. [In Ukrainian].
Lenart-Boroń, A., Wolanin, A., Jelonkiewicz, E., Żelazny, M. (2017). The effect of anthropogenic pressure shown by microbiological and chemical water quality indicators on the main rivers of Podhale, southern Poland. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 24(14), 12938–12948. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-017-8826-7. [in English].
Lozynskyi, V., Kolb, I., Ilkiv, T. J. (2017). Retrospective-geographical analysis of Lviv city landfill. Geodesy, Cartography, and Aerial Photography. Interdepartmental scientific and technical review, 86, 45–57. DOI: 10.23939/istcgcap2017.02.045. [in English].
Mnykh, O. B., Sokil, Yu. R. (2014). Environmentally-oriented economy problems research (on the example of industrial enterprises in Lviv region). Lviv Polytechnic National University Institutional Repository. [Electronic resource]. Retrieved from http://ena.lp.edu.ua/bitstream/ntb/25170/1/16-97-107.pdf. [in English].
Novikov, Yu. V., Lastochkina, K. O., Boldina, Z. N. (1990). Methods for studying the water quality of reservoirs. Moscow: Medicine. [In Russian].
Pratush, A., Kumar, A., Hu, Z. (2018). Adverse effect of heavy metals (As, Pb, Hg, and Cr) on health and their bioremediation strategies: a review. International Microbiology, 21(3), 97–106. DOI: 10.1007/s10123-018-0012-3. [in English].
Rice, E. W., Baird, R. B., Eaton, A. D., Clesceri, L. S. (2012). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. American Water Works Association / American Public Works Association / Water Environment Federation. [in English].
Vignati, D. A., Secrieru, D., Bogatova, Y. I., Dominik, J., Céréghino, et al. (2013). Trace element contamination in the arms of the Danube Delta (Romania/Ukraine): current state of knowledge and future needs. Journal of Environmental Management, 125, 169–178. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.04.007. [in English].
Vystavna, Y., Frkova, Z., Celle-Jeanton, H., Diadin, D., Huneau, F., et al. (2018). Priority substances and emerging pollutants in urban rivers in Ukraine: Occurrence, fluxes and loading to transboundary European Union watersheds. Science of The Total Environment, 637–638, 1358–1362. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.05.095. [in English].
Abstract views: 273 PDF Downloads: 138