THE CULTURAL AND LINGUISTIC EXPLORATION OF LAND IN AMERICAN CAMPFIRE STORIES
Being transported to the New World, the English language underwent significant modifications to get adapted to the new environment. Linguistic innovations that developed in parallel to cognitive changes were to reflect transformations in the worldview of the speech community. The purpose of this article is to describe some peculiarities of American worldview and define linguistic means that express the concept of ‘land/space’. It is hypothethized that cultural and linguistic exploration of the land was determined by socio-historical conditions and cognitive preferences of the community. In American campfire stories, ‘land’ is a contamination of geographical and cultural space represented by means of oppositions (‘familiar - unfamiliar’, ‘beautiful – ugly’, ‘friendly – hostile’, etc.) achieved through the application of the cooperative ‘us’ strategy and competitive ‘them’ strategy. The research employs a complex of methods including contextual, structural, componential, and conceptual analyses. The findings support the hypothesis and reveal that the concept of ‘land’ has evolved and expressed due to a particular set of social practices leading to community consolidation, cultivation of patriotism, trust, endurance and ability to survive, feeling of social belonging and pride.
Andryuchshenko, O. (2015). Linguistic worldview: cognitive, linguistic and axiological analysis. Raleigh, North Carolina, USA: Lulu Press Inc. [in English].
Bailey, R. W. (2012). Speaking American: A History of English in the United States. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [in English].
Benesch, K., & Schmidt, K. (2005). Space in America: Theory, History, Culture. Amsterdam: Rodopi. [in English].
DeWitt, R. (2011). Worldviews: An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of Science. Malden, etc.: Blackwell Publishing Ltd. [in English].
Dillard, J. L. (1992). A History of American English. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited. [in English].
Finegan, E., & Rickford, J. R. (2004). Language in the USA: Themes for the Twenty-first Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [in English].
Franklin, W., & Steiner, M. C. (1992). Mapping American Culture. Iowa city: University of Iowa Press. [in English].
Fuchs, M., & Holub M.-T. (2013). Placing America: American Culture and its Spaces. Verlag, Bielefeld: Majuskel Medienproduktion GmbH, Wetzlar. [in English].
Gordon, J.-S. (Ed.). (2009). Morality and Justice: Reading Boylan's ‘A Just Society’ Plymouth: Lexington Books. [in English].
Lakoff, G., & Johnson, M. (1984). Metaphors We live By. Chicago, London: The University of Chicago Press. [in English].
Mathiews, F. K. (1933). The Boy Scouts Book of Campfire Stories. New York, New York: Appleton-Century Company. [in English].
Müller, A. (2013). Differences between American and British English. München: GRIN Verlag. [in English].
Nagle, S. J., & Sanders, S. L. (2003). English in the Southern United States. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [in English].
Naugle, D. K. (2002). Worldview: The history of a concept. Cambridge, UK: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. [in English].
Thoene, M. (2015). Toward Diversity and Emancipation: (Re-)Narrating Space in the Contemporary American Novel. Verlag, Bielefeld: [transcript] Letter. [in English].
Wilson, A. (1991). The Culture of Nature: North American Landscape from Disney to the Exxon Valdez. Toronto: Between The Lines. [in English].
Wolfram, W., & Schilling, N. (2015). American English: Dialects and Variation. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons. [in English].
Abstract views: 20 PDF Downloads: 15