THEORETICAL BACKGROUND OF INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY: POSSIBILITIES AND LIMITATIONS
The article is focused on the problem of disability as a general mental disease and mental retardation as a kind of intellectual disorder and possible alternative ways of teaching English as a foreign language. The authors define a mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, as a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning. They claim that abilities and limitations of mentally handicapped children are presented by defining mental retardation. The article also presents the classification of mental disabilities, and a concrete type of the mental disability ̶ the mild one is characterized. It also substantiates the objective necessity that a skilled teacher should be very flexible and methodologically well prepared for teaching English as a foreign language to mentally handicapped students, using different methods tailored to their individual needs.
Bolton, D. (2008). What is Mental Disorder? An Essay in Philosophy, Science, and Values. OUP Oxford. P. 6. [in English].
Campion, J.; Bhui, K.; Bhugra, D. (2012). European Psychiatric Association (EPA) guidance on prevention of mental disorders. European Psychiatry, 27 (2), 68–80. DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2011.10.004. [in English].
Caron, C., Rutter, M. (1991). Comorbidity in child psychopathology: Concepts, issues and research strategies. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 1063–1080. [in English].
Clark, L. A., Watson, D., Reynolds, S. (1995). Diagnosis and classification of psychopathology: Challenges to the current system and future directions. Annual Review of Psychology, 121–153. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.ps.46.020195.001005. [in English].
Copeland, W., Shanahan, L., Costello, E. J., Angold, A. (2011). Cumulative prevalence of psychiatric disorders by young adulthood: A prospective cohort analysis from the Great Smoky Mountains Study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 252–261. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaac.2010.12.014. [in English].
Grzegorzewska, M. (1985). Pedagog w służbie dzieci niepełnosprawnych. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo WSPS. [in Polish].
Kryński, A., Pluskota, M. (2012). Pedagogika humanistyczna. Teoria i praktyka. Częstochowa: Akademia Polonijna. [in Polish].
Stein, Dan J. (2013). What is a mental disorder? A perspective from cognitive-affective science. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 58 (12), 656–662. DOI: 10.1177/070674371305801202. [in English].
Stein, Dan J; Phillips, K. A; Bolton, D., Fulford, K. W. M., Sadler, J. Z., Kendler, K. S. (2010). What is a Mental/Psychiatric Disorder? From DSM-IV to DSM-V. Psychological Medicine, 40 (11),1759 – 1765. DOI:10.1017/S0033291709992261. [in English].
World Health Organization. (2004). Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse; Prevention Research Centre of the Universities of Nijmegen and Maastricht Prevention of mental disorders: effective interventions and policy options: summary report (PDF). Geneva: World Health Organization. [in English].
Abstract views: 24 PDF Downloads: 13