FEATURES OF DESIGNING UNDERGROUND PARKINGS IN THE HISTORICAL ZONES OF THE BIGGEST CITIES OF UKRAINE
The article is devoted to the ecological and economic aspects of the construction and design of underground parkings. The normative base is considered, theoretical researches are analyzed and tendencies in the urban development of the largest domestic and foreign cities are studied. On the basis of historical research an algorithm for the development of constructionand design of underground parking for the territory of Ukraine is formed. As an example of an automated underground parking project which was created by the author of the article the main ecological and economic aspects of the construction of underground parking lots are indicated. The article outlines the main requirements, constraints, principles of energy saving and economic feasibility for the design of underground parkings.
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